Light to Come

Christ is the true Light, the true Vine, and the true Bread (John 1:9; 15:1; 6:32). The temple and its rites were also “copies of the true things” in heaven (Heb 8:5; 9:24). The repeated sacrifices were types that were fulfilled in the perfect and final sacrifice of Christ which “put away sin” (Heb 9:26). Recurring types point to climactic antitypes which occur but once:

Thus sleep is an image of death that is repeated every night So the morning is the image of the resurrection So the spring of the year is the image of the resurrection, which is repeated every year. (“Image” no. 118)

Edwards’s “Personal Narrative” recounts times in which he used to meditate on thunderstorms and “see the lightnings play, and hear the majestic and awful voice of God’s thunder” (WJE 16:794). He records in “Image” no. 33 that the “extreme fierceness and extraordinary power” of lightning hints at the exceedingly terrible power of God’s wrath.

Given the estimate that lighting strikes the continental US around 20,000,000 per year, lighting is a supreme type of God’s coming wrath and judgment of the world. Sunrises and lightning strikes are harbingers of the coming joy and judgment when Christ returns.

Edwards’s text courtesy of