The Bible is full of water. Within its pages we find the deep, floods, storms, rivers, brooks, waves, seas, fountains, springs, wells, droughts, baptisms, washings, rain, cups, drinking, gardens, growth, and many other instances laden with meaning. In the Scriptures, water represents people and their posterity, blessings and curses, cleansing and deliverance, violence and judgment, and much more.

Edwards observed that water, in its various forms and actions, is used to communicate a variety of things: God’s goodness and the influence of his Spirit, his wrath, the misery of hell,[*]1. In “Image” no. 64, Edwards noted that, “At the bottom of valleys, especially deep valleys, there is water—either a lake or other water … [which] commonly signifies misery, especially that which is occasioned by the wrath of God. So in hell is a lake or gulf of misery and wrath.”affliction, human corruption, the nature of grace,[*]2. In “Image” no. 161, Edwards saw a close correspondence between “water in artificial waterworks” and the moral inability of humanity—”nothing in man can rise higher than the principle from whence it comes”—supernatural grace is necessary to lift man beyond principles of self-love and other lower qualities.the unstable glories of this world, heavenly provision, the mysterious movements of providence, and littleness of soul.

Edwards’s text courtesy of edwards.yale.edu.
Music credit CC BY 3.0: Hymnus für zwölf Violoncelli, by Julius Klengel.